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LIVORNO AND SURROUNDINGS
Livorno in battello - Giro in battello dei Fossi Medicei
fortezza vecchia livorno
Itinerary 01
Boat tour of the canals
Livorno, is a fascinating city rich in seafaring traditions with a unique blend of peoples from around the Mediterranean. A walk along the seafront promenade will provide encounters with its myriad of inhabitants and sights - all with stories to tell and experiences to enjoy. Exploring Livorno will bring to life the world of a port city you had only imagined. At the end of your tour along the canals of the Venezia district enjoy a cacciucco; a typical fish soup only found in Livorno. WATCH THE VIDEO
Museo di Storia Naturale del Mediterraneo
Itinerary 02
The fortezza vecchia
The Fortezza Vecchia (old fortress) rises on the edge of Livorno's Porto Mediceo. It has been rebuilt numerous times over the course of the centuries and is the repository of the city's history from the date it was founded to the present day.
Giovanni Fattori
Itinerary 03
Natural History Museum of the Meditteranean
Livorno's Museo di Storia Naturale del Mediterraneo was founded in 1929 using the wealth of scientific material from the "Amerigo Vespucci" Gabinetto di Storia Naturale, which had been built up between 1871 and 1909 by illustrious naturalists from Livorno. Unfortunately, the bombings of 1944 destroyed the collection. After the war the Museum was transferred to the Municipal Aquarium and was reopened to the public in 1952. The museum moved to its definitive home at the Villa Henderson in 1980. The main building was completely revamped and hosts the operations department of the institute. The exhibition areas cover a total of about 7000 square meters.
Acquario di Livorno
Itinerary 04
Museo Civico Giovanni Fattori
The Museo Civico Giovanni Fattori is one of Livorno's museums located in the attractive setting of Villa Mimbelli. It was inaugurated in 1994 by the President of the Republic at that time, Oscar Luigi Scalfaro.
Amedeo Modigliani
Itinerary 05
The Livorno Acquarium
There could be no better location for the city's “Diacinto Cestoni” aquarium than the Terrazza Mascagni seafront promenade. This is the largest aquarium in Tuscany and is a unique in having a greco-roman archeological site within its walls with the suggestive reproduction of a wrecked ship.
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Itinerary 06
Amedeo Modigliani's birth house
Amedeo Modigliani was born at no.38 via Roma in Livorno, a stone's throw away from the central piazza Attias, on 12th July 1884. He is one of Livorno's most famous sons and was the fourth child of a Jewish family that was part of the large Hebrew community. His home is a simple three-storey 19th century house.
Santuario di Montenero Livorno Pellegrinaggio
Itinerary 07
Mascagnani intinerary
Pietro Antonio Stefano Mascagni (born 7th December 1863 – Rome, 2nd August 1945) was an Italian composer and orchestra director. Mascagni's production bridged the 19th and 20th centuries. He soared to fame on the lyrical music scene thanks to the overnight success of his first work, the Cavalleria Rusticana in 1890. Cavalleria was the first of 15 works that lead Mascagni to a level of popularity equaled by few other composers. Despite this success, today only a few of his operas are performed on a regular basis. One of these is Iris, that reached the notable number of 800 productions in its 120 year life. Mascagni’s oeuvre includes an operetta, song music, instrumental music, romances and works for the piano. He also composed sacred music, one such work being the beautiful Messa di Gloria, : He was the first Italian composer to write for the silent movies (Rapsodia Satanica, da Nino Oxilia). Not to mention his experimental work on "The Eternal City", a sort of symphonic suite, based on the music of the drama with the same name, taking a page out of similar works by Luigi Mancinelli (Cleopatra, Messalina).
Sinagoga di Livorno
Itinerary 08
The Sanctuary of Montenero and the funicular railway
The sanctuary of Madonna delle Grazie, better known as the sanctuary of Montenero, rises on the hill of Monte Nero, overlooking Livorno. The religious complex was raised to the status of basilica and was the home of Vallombrosani monks. It was consecrated to Madonna delle Grazie di Montenero, the patron saint of Tuscany. The sanctuary is a popular destination for pilgrims and visitors who flock to see its gallery containing a wealth of ex voto. Just outside the gallery is the “famedio” with the tombs of some of Livorno's leading citizens.
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Itinerary 09
The Synagogue and Jewish culture
Livorno's synagogue is in Piazza Benamozegh in the heart of city, near the central square of piazza Grande. It is within the protected area of the city's pentagon of defensive walls, designed by the architect Buontalenti. The modern synagogue was built on the site of the old one after it was partly destroyed in the second world war. It was designed by the architect Angelo Di Castro and was completed in 1962. Along with those of Rome, Trieste and Genoa, it is one of the four large 20th century synagogues in Italy and the only one to be built after World War II.
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Itinerary 10
Livorno and Tuscany's artistic cities
Livorno is strategically located for visitors wishing to visit Tuscany's most important art cities. The popular destinations of: Pisa, Lucca, Florence, Siena, San Gimignano, Volterra, Arezzo and the magnificent scenery of the 5 Terre can be reached in driving times ranging from 20 minutes to an hour and a half.

LOOK AT THE MAP

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mappa
Itinerary 11
Bolgheri and the wine road
Bolgheri is a part of Castagneto Carducci municipality a few kilometers north-west of the area's main town. It is in the middle of Livorno’s Maremma countryside at the foothills of the Colline Metallifere. It is a characteristic medieval village built up around the castle that has undergone considerable building work over the course of the centuries. This hilltop town is reached by a magnificent five-kilometer avenue of cypress trees leading off the via Aurelia, an old Roman road, right in front of the 17th century Oratorio di San Guido. This road was the inspiration for the lines in Giosuè Carducci's famous poem Davanti a San Guido (1874). The monumental cemetery inside the town was the burial place of the poet's grandmother Lucia. The Castiglioncello di Bolgheri fort was built on a neighbouring hilltop almost 400 meters above sea level and contains the picturesque church of San Bernardo. Bolgheri is not only famous for its history and scenery but also its Super Tuscan red wines that have won acclaim and awards the world over. The soil and the sunny microclimate, which is dry and caressed by gentle breezes, are particularly suited to the Bordeaux vines like Cabernet franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, merlot and petit verdot. Among the most celebrated wines are Sassicaia, with cabernet sauvignon and cabernet franc (the historic vineyard is directly opposite the Oratorio di San Guido), in addition there are the numerous wines of the Tenuta dell'Ornellaia and Tenuta Guado al Tasso. Not to mention a wealth of "Bolgheri DOC", denominations where the local sangiovese is blended with cabernet, merlot and, in some cases, the more demanding petit verdot.
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Itinerary 12
Castiglioncello
Castiglioncello is a part of the Rosignano Marittimo municipality (in the province of Livorno) with a population of 3,901. It enjoys breathtaking views, far from noisy roads and has remained unspoilt and off the beaten track. It is surrounded by luxuriant pine woods and spectacular cliffs rising above the Ligurian sea. Castiglioncello has always been a destination “for those in the know” combining relaxation and entertainment, in the 60s it was popular holiday destination for the Italian jet set and such cinema stars as Alberto Sordi and Marcello Mastroianni. It was also the location for Dino Risi's cult fim “Il Sorpasso” starring Vittorio Gassman and Jean-Louis Trintignant.
romito
Itinerary 13
La costa di Calafuria
La Costiera di Calafuria trova qui un altro motivo per raccogliere i consensi di chi desidera limitare invasioni e danni alla tranquillita’ di questi angoli di rara bellezza. Il castello di Sonnino e’ stato per molti anni di proprieta’ del barone Leone De Renzis; una cara persona che pagava una concessione alla Capitaneria per il porticciolo, dove scendeva in auto e da dove i pochi che arrivavano a nuoto o in barca si allontanavano educatamente finche’ l’auto non risaliva. Quando minacciava libeccio tante barche che non potevano essere tirate a riva trovavano rifugio nella darsena e De Renzis permetteva anche di passare in auto per accedere. LEGGI DI +
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