Livorno, a lively, fascinating city where maritime traditions blend with Mediterranean cultures. A stroll by the sea to meet local characters who evoke the time-old atmosphere of seafaring life with anecdotes and curious tales. The tour ends in the Venezia neighbourhood with a strictly Livorno-style lunch of cacciucco, the city’s signature fish stew.
The “Fortezza Vecchia”, or old fortress, is a fortification that stands on the edge of Livorno’s Medici Port. It has undergone reconstruction and many alterations over the centuries and embodies the entire history of the city, from its origins to the present day.
Livorno’s Mediterranean Natural History Museum was established in 1929 on the basis of the plethora of scientific material from the “Amerigo Vespucci” Technical School’s natural History Exhibition Room, collected between 1871 and 1909 by illustrious naturalists from Livorno. Unfortunately, this natural heritage was destroyed during the 1944 air raids. After the war, the Museum was transferred to the City Aquarium and in 1952 it was reopened to the public. In 1980, the Museum was finally transferred to its current location in Villa Henderson, whose completely renovated main building houses its operational heart. The Museum offers the visitor seven exhibition itineraries organized over an area of about 7000 m2.
The Diacinto Cestoni Municipal Aquarium is located in Livorno, close to the picturesque seafront promenade and the Mascagni Terrace. It is the largest aquarium in Tuscany and is the only one of its kind to contain a Greco-Roman archaeological marine area with a fascinating replica of a sunken ship.
The house where Amedeo Modigliani was born is situated at No. 38 Via Roma in Livorno, not far from the centrally-located Piazza Attias. The famous artist was born here on 12 July 1884, the fourth child of a family who were members of the city’s numerous Jewish community. It is a simple three-story 19th century building.
Pietro Antonio Stefano Mascagni (Livorno, December 7, 1863 – Rome, August 2, 1945) was an Italian composer and conductor. Mascagni lived at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, occupying a prominent place in the musical scene of the time, above all because of the immediate and popular success obtained in 1890 with his first opera, Cavalleria Rusticana. Cavalleria was the first of 15 other operas for which Mascagni enjoyed worldwide popularity. However, especially nowadays, only a few of them have permanently entered the repertoire, such as Iris, which was staged no fewer than 800 times in less than 120 years of life. Mascagni also wrote an operetta, Sì, vocal and instrumental music, as well as songs, romances and piano compositions. He also composed sacred music (for example the beautiful Messa di Gloria), and was the first Italian composer to write for the silent movies (Nino Oxilia’s Satan’s Rhapsody). Finally, mention should be made of the interesting experiment “The Eternal City”, a sort of symphonic suite, based on the incidental music for the drama of the same name, in the wake of the similar works by Luigi Mancinelli (Cleopatra, Messalina).
The Shrine of Our Lady of Grace, better known as the Sanctuary of Montenero, is a religious complex on the Monte Nero hill in Livorno. The complex. elevated to the rank of basilica and maintained by Vallombrosan monks, is devoted to Our Lady of Grace of Montenero, patron saint of Tuscany. It also includes a fascinating gallery of votive offerings, and a memorial chapel, the burial place for some illustrious inhabitants of Livorno.
Livorno is situated in an ideal position for those wishing to visit Tuscany’s most famous art cities. A journey time of 20 minutes to an hour and a half is all it takes to reach all the places of greatest interest, such as Pisa, Lucca, Florence, Siena, San Gimignano, Volterra, Arezzo and Cinque Terre.
The Livorno synagogue stands in Piazza Benamozegh, not far from Piazza Grande, within Buontalenti’s original pentagonal city. It was built to a design by architect Angelo Di Castro and completed in 1962 on the site of the ancient synagogue, partially destroyed during the last world war. It is, together with Rome, Trieste and Genoa, one of only four great 20th century synagogues in Italy and the only one to be built in the period following the Second World War.
Pisa: The Leaning Tower, but not only
Florence a masterpiece on every corner
Siena, city of the Palio
Bolgheri, the poet’s avenue
Volterra: medieval frescoes and endless views
Lucca and its Renaissance charm
Elba Island: a jewel in a sparkling sea
Carrara: famous for its marble